If you’re looking to save money over the medium term, certificates of deposit, or “CDs,” as they’re often called, might be a great solution for you. Most of the major online banks offer these savings vehicles, which typically earn higher rates of interest than standard savings accounts.
The catch? CDs hold your money for a set term, usually six months to three or five years. During this period, you can’t withdraw your money without having to pay a penalty. (However, penalty-free CDs are occasionally available.) Most CDs offer fixed interest rates, so the amount you’re locked in to receive won’t change no matter what happens.
When shopping for CDs, you might have heard of something called a Jumbo CD. Jumbo CDs are certificates of deposit that typically require a minimum deposit of $100,000. Sometimes – but not always – jumbo CDs offer higher interest rates than ordinary CDs in return for such a large deposit.
Currently, there’s little difference between what regular and what jumbo CDs offer. With some very competitive rates being offered by online banks, we at Investor Junkie recommend checking out regular CDs as well.
The Top Jumbo CD Rates
Let’s check out some of the best rates on online CDs available today.
Why Choose a Jumbo CD?
Jumbo CDs are great if you want a low-risk investment for a large sum of money. After all, your initial deposit is protected by the FDIC up to $250,000. And many banks offer these vehicles with shorter time frames than regular CDs – up to a week in some cases. So you could use them to make quicker cash.
You can also use jumbo CDs as collateral when applying for a loan with a bank. To count toward collateral, though, the CD must not be in a retirement account.
However, keep in mind that all interest earned through jumbo CDs is fully taxable. If you’re looking to reduce your tax burden, they’re not a good investment for you. In addition, jumbo CDs have historically not kept up with the inflation rate.
What Is the Difference Between a Jumbo CD and a Regular CD?
As mentioned above, the biggest difference between Jumbo and regular CDs is the minimum amount required for the certificates. Jumbo CDs require a minimum of $100,000, while most regular CDs require only $500 or $1,000 (or, as in the cases of Capital One and Ally Bank, no minimum).
Historically, there have been times when jumbo CDs paid higher interest rates than regular CDs. However, right now, interest rates for most jumbo and regular CDs are about the same.
How Are Jumbo CDs Taxed?
All interest earned with a jumbo CD is taxed as interest income, rather than capital gains income. You'll have to report it on Form 1099-INT, in Box 1. Your bank or credit union will send you the necessary form showing how much you earned at the end of year.
What Are the Early Withdrawal Penalties for Jumbo CDs?
Bankrate took a look at the most common penalties for popular CD terms. What the firm found was that early withdrawal penalties can be quite steep:
|3 Month CDs||3 months' interest|
|6 Month CDs||3 months' interest|
|1 Year CDs||6 months' interest|
|2 Year CDs||6 months' interest|
As you can see, in most cases, the penalties for early withdrawal are considerable and will cost you a hefty chunk of your interest earnings. So it's probably not a good idea to invest in a CD if there's a likelihood you'll want to withdraw before the maturity date. If there's a likelihood that you'll need to make an early withdrawal in the case of, say, a medical emergency or if you need to buy a new car, a better bet might be to purchase several smaller CDs rather than one jumbo CD.
Are Jumbo CDs Safe?
CDs are among the safest investments on the market today. Sure, you're not going to see the types of returns you have a chance of seeing from the stock market. But then again, you're also not going to take a major hit as you could from stocks. The rates of return for most jumbo CDs are locked in, meaning you can calculate exactly what you'll get if you hold a CD to its maturity.
In addition, CDs bought from a federally insured bank are covered by FDIC insurance. This means that, in the unfortunate case of a bank or credit union going belly-up, your investment is protected up to $250,000 per CD. More than 7,000 institutions are covered by the FDIC, so it's likely that your jumbo CDs will have this protection.
The biggest risk associated with investing in CDs is the threat of inflation. The interest rate that you're locked into may not outpace inflation, making your earnings less valuable.