Paying off debt successfully requires a lot of determination and hard work, oftentimes at the expense of other financial goals. This can push back your goal of saving for retirement and investing to build wealth. As someone that's dealing with the plight of student loans, I have neglected many other financial priorities in hopes of being debt free sooner.
I’m almost 30 with hardly anything in retirement.
When I think about where my money has gone, the majority of it has been spent on eliminating $43,000 in student loan debt. Other areas of my financial life are similarly abysmal.
I often dream of being debt free and getting started on my long-term financial goals, but from what I've heard from others, reaching debt freedom can be a bit anti-climactic and leave one wondering where to go next. Paying off debt leads you down a certain path, until you reach the end.
But what’s next? What comes after debt and your basic financial goals have been met? What long-term goals and benchmarks should you have in place, so you can build wealth?
Here are some guidelines to get started:
1. Reevaluate Your Budget
Now that you are debt free, you need to adjust your budget with likes of YNAB. While it may seem exciting with the influx of “extra” cash in your budget, it’s key to give every dollar a job.maxing out your retirement accounts and savings goals.
I’ve already decided where my roughly $1,000/mo to debt is going once I’m debt free: retirement, investments, and travel.
2. Replenish Your Emergency Fund
Did you have an emergency fund while in debt? Some people don’t as they consider debt an emergency, while others take the Ramsey approach and have a $1,000 buffer, which would cover basic emergencies.
Standard personal finance advice tells you to save between 3-6 months worth of expenses in an emergency fund, but I believe that 12 months is even better. Debt can occur for a variety of reasons and to make sure you don’t go right back into debt, you need to create a cushion. An easy way to do that is to set aside a portion of your paycheck every month to your savings or emergency fund. You can do that automatically with Acorns Smart Deposit. You can automatically set aside a portion of your paycheck into your checking, investing and retirement accounts. Plus right now you can get $75 when you sign up for direct deposit with Acorns.
If you lost your job, got in a car accident, or had a medical emergency, a 12-month buffer should be able to tide you over, and also save your sanity.
3. Max Out Your Retirement
Retirement is often one of the biggest casualties when it comes to paying off debt. It’s hard to think about paying for something that could be decades away when you have a large debt balance right in front of you. Once you achieve debt freedom, it’s important to reclaim this financial goal and make it work for you.
This means no more messing around. Max out your retirement account with all avenues available to you, such as you're employer-sponsored 401k, and/or Roth IRA. Maxing out your retirement accounts will help you “catch up” a bit from your time spent on paying off debt.
4. Invest Wisely
Paying off debt early is a guaranteed return on investment — you are avoiding annoying interest rates and excessive fees. But once you become debt free, it’s key to start really investing. While many people in the trenches of debt repayment feel as if they are too risk-averse to invest much, or even at all, being debt free gives you more wiggle room to take risks.
Start by creating a strong and diverse investment portfolio of stocks, bonds, mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Determine your level of risk and start investing and watch your money grow. You can start by using Betternment’s new goals feature, which helps you plan for a variety of financial goals.
5. Make a Plan for Big Life Goals
Now that you have the basics covered like your budget, emergency fund, retirement, and investments, it’s time to save for something fun: big (and sometimes scary) life goals. Debt has a great way of dashing dreams, but now you can let your imagination run wild a bit.
What big, life goals do you want to accomplish, that you haven’t already? Do you want to buy a house? A new car? Are you starting to think of having children? Are you dreaming of a once-in-a-lifetime travel expedition? Or perhaps quitting your dreaded day job?
Whatever your big life goals are, you need a plan. Make sure to implement these things as part of your budget. You can start by creating targeted savings accounts and automating funds each month, to ensure you are staying on track. Capital One 360 has great sub-savings account options with the ability to set up goals, so you can see where you are at in the process.
After paying off debt, you deserve to live a little and plan for life’s grand adventures. Just make sure you budget for it, while not reverting back to the dreaded D-word.
What's Next After Big Financial Goals?
Paying off debt can be exhilarating, but it can also leave you with more questions than answers. There is a lot of information on steps to get out of debt, but not a ton of advice on what to do next.
Use this guide as a primer to get started on setting up long-term financial goals after you pay off debt, so you can be financially strong and start enjoying life.