For millions of people worldwide, a good day starts with a cup of coffee. The potent elixir first appeared in 15th-century Yemen, where locals roasted beans and brewed coffee to stay awake for religious rituals. Since then, coffee has become a worldwide staple: It’s the most widely traded “breakfast commodity” item (this category includes coffee, sugar, cocoa, and orange juice) and is the most actively traded tropical agricultural crop.
For all of its popularity, coffee is still a relatively volatile commodity. Like most crops, the supply of coffee is impacted by environmental conditions. Part of the volatility of coffee prices can be traced to Brazilian weather. Brazil is the world's largest coffee producer and grows about 40% of the world’s supply, so if there's a bad season, it significantly impacts the global market.
The Short Version
- Coffee is a staple for many North American households, but prices are notoriously volatile
- Coffee-focussed ETFs can give your portfolio exposure to coffee futures without the high up-front investment and the risks associated with buying futures yourself
- Investing in companies that sell coffee can reduce some volatility as long as you maintain portfolio diversification
If you’re interested in investing in coffee, you could invest in a coffee-focused ETF, buy stock in a company that sells or roasts coffee, or buy coffee futures. Read on to learn more.
1. Invest in Coffee ETFs
An exchange-traded fund (ETF) is a basket of securities that operates similarly to a mutual fund. ETFs are typically designed to track a specific index and aren’t usually actively managed. ETFs can also be bought or sold on a stock exchange – so you should be able to purchase ETFs through your discount brokerage of choice. To invest in coffee, you can choose an ETF that includes coffee and other commodities or a specific coffee ETF.
Here are two coffee ETFs to consider:
- Dow Jones-UBS Coffee ETN (JO) — JO is an ETF with total assets close to $100 million. It’s comprised entirely of coffee future contracts in the most nearby month. The fund is designed to reflect the performance of the Dow Jones Coffee Index. The expense ratio for this fund is 0.45%. Keep in mind that this index fund has no dividend yield because it doesn’t hold stocks.
- iPath Bloomberg Softs Subindex Total Return ETN (JJS) – This ETF follows the Bloomberg Softs Subindex Total Return, which is an index that consists of futures contracts for three “soft commodities” (agricultural commodities) sugar, cotton, and coffee. The management expense ratio for this fund is 0.45%.
Pros and Cons of Coffee ETFs
2. Invest in Coffee Stocks
Another way to invest in coffee is to purchase stock in a company that sells or roasts coffee. Start by researching companies you are interested in and adding one or two to your portfolio. Instead of putting all of your eggs or coffee beans in one basket, make sure your coffee investment only makes up a small percentage of your portfolio. Remember that coffee is a volatile commodity, so investing a large portion of your funds could lead to huge swings in your overall portfolio value.
As mentioned earlier, coffee has large price fluctuations. Unlike other soft commodity staples such as cotton and cocoa, coffee prices vary greatly, so much that the commodity has been flagged by the International Food Policy Research Institute’s Excessive Food Price Variability Early Warning System. While coffee prices have always been subject to conditions outside our control, like weather, the COVID-19 pandemic led to a new set of challenges with logistics and inventory.
All of this is to say, investing in coffee isn’t a bad idea, but taking steps to minimize your risk is important. Maintain a diversified portfolio and consider investing in a company that sells coffee in addition to other goods.
For example, you could buy stock in Nestlé S.A. (NSRGY), which sells a wide variety of products, including staples like baby food and bottled water in addition to coffee. Keurig Dr Pepper Inc. (KDP) is another popular option. It sells non-alcoholic hot and cold beverages and includes the famous Keurig brand.
If you’re addicted to frappuccinos, you may want to buy stock in Starbucks (SBUX). You can also invest in Black Rifle Coffee Company (BRCC) which delivers coffee to its customers doors. If you're a fan of the massively-popular Dutch Bros drive-thru coffee chain, you'll be happy to learn that the company went public in September 2021. It's easy to invest in Dutch Bros (BROS) or any of these other coffee stocks through a discount broker.
Read more >>> How to Diversify Your Investment Portfolio
Pros and Cons of Buying Coffee Stock
3. Invest in Coffee Futures
When you invest in coffee futures, you bet on what coffee will sell for at a future date. This strategy is the riskiest way to invest in coffee and offers the highest reward.
Futures trading is for advanced investors. You should only consider it if you are confident in your ability to interpret your research, have enough capital to invest, and are comfortable with the possibility that you might lose a significant chunk of your investment.
Futures aren’t traded on typical stock exchanges, so you’ll need a brokerage account that supports futures trading.
Investing in coffee futures starts with buying a contract, which is essentially a bet on what coffee will sell for at a future time and date. Contracts tend to be illiquid and infrequently offered. For example, the Coffee C (KC) contract is offered five times per year on the New York Mercantile Exchange and covers 20 countries. Each contract is for 37,500 pounds of coffee.
Pros and Cons of Investing in Coffee Futures
The Bottom Line
Investing in coffee can be rewarding, but the market can be volatile since it's affected by complex global factors. As a beginner, investing in coffee might not be a good starting point, but if you’re comfortable doing your own research, buying ETFs or managing your own diversified portfolio, investing in coffee could be a good addition to your asset mix.
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