What Happens to Your Money When You Die?
Find out how to make sure your loved ones inherit your assets when you're gone.
It's not exactly fun to think about, but death is a part of life. Preparing your finances for the aftermath of such a loss ahead of time is vital. When dealing with such an emotional loss, the last thing anyone wants to deal with is a paperwork headache. Unfortunately, it happens all too often. People shy away from setting up an estate plan while they are healthy, and when they pass, their investments and general assets are in chaos. Having a will drawn up is a significant way to make sure that your property and assets go where you want them to. If you're wondering what happens to your money when you die, a will is a financial tool you need to answer that question.
What Is a Will?
A will is a legal document that you can use to lay out how you'd like your assets to be dispersed after you pass away. It often pertains to financial assets. But you can also name a legal guardian for your children or even a caretaker for your pet.
Wills go a very long way toward making sure that your wishes are carried out after you pass.
For example, say you have no children, and your partner passed away before you do. A will is a chance to declare that your assets should go to your favorite charity or nonprofit.
What happens if you Die Without a Will?
If you die without a will, you are said to die “intestate.” In that case, where you lived determines what happens to your assets. In the United States, different states have different laws regarding property and assets for a deceased person. Check your state's website to find out what happens to your assets when you die without a will.
For example, in Texas, if you die unmarried and without children, your assets will automatically be split equally between your parents. If your parents have also passed away, but you have siblings, your property will be equally divided among them.
If there is no family to leave your property to, your assets go directly to the state of Texas.
Create a will to ensure your assets go exactly where you want.
How Does a Will Protect Your Investment Portfolio?
A will can protect your investment portfolio by acting as a guideline for your inheritors.
- First, it allows you to decide where you'd like your money to go. If the money automatically passes to a family member or the state, they could spend your investments on causes or people you don't care for.
- Second, it goes a long way toward helping your family manage your assets in the wake of your passing. Losing someone you love is tragic and about the worst time to have to go to court to figure out what to do with the property of the person you just lost. A will lays out your investment portfolio and assets, protecting your loved ones from more pain.
Depending on how much you have in assets, your heirs may need to pay estate taxes to gain access to your investment portfolio and property. However, this isn't an issue for the vast majority of cases. Only estates with a gross value of $11.58 million or more in 2020 are required to file a return with the IRS.
An Easy Way to Ensure Your Portfolio Transfers to Your Spouse
Add another owner to your investment account to let them gain immediate access. You can do this by setting up an account with joint ownership and the “right of survivorship.” This gives the joint owner automatic ownership of the funds and property upon your death, regardless of what happens to the rest of your estate. However, this is usually designed for couples. So if you want to transfer the accounts after you die to another family member or even a nonprofit, it's best to set up a will.
What to Include in a Will
What's in your will depends on many different factors. Someone with children and four retirement accounts will have a different will from someone with no children and no retirement account. Here are some things to consider as you draw up your will:
- Who will inherit your financial assets? Will they be divided among several people (like your three children)? Or do they go to an organization?
- How much of each asset do you want to go to each person?
- Are there any stipulations around using your investments or assets? This includes when they can use the money, how they can use the money, etc.
- Include guidelines for your funeral.
Can You Do a Will Online?
Yes, it's straightforward to get a will online. And online wills are legal and binding, just as if a lawyer had drawn it up in person. Creating a will online is much more convenient than scheduling a meeting with a lawyer, sending over the paperwork, meeting in person, and then having your will created. By doing it all online, you can save both time and money.
Are Online Wills Legal?
Yes, as long as the service provider, you are using complies with state laws regarding wills. An online will has the same authority as a will drafted by an attorney in person.
Many services offer online wills. Some of them are part of life insurance companies, while others are part of larger legal services.
If you're interested in creating a will online, check out these companies to get started.
1. Trust and WillTrust and Will offers trusts, wills, and estate planning online for a lower cost than a traditional estate planning attorney.
They charge only $69 to create a will but you can get $10 off with code VIPFORLIFE. You use a template created by a lawyer and customize it to your needs. After you've finished and paid, you receive a notarized copy in the mail (at no extra cost).
If you have questions throughout the process, you can use the chatbox to speak with a team member.
Fabric is a life insurance company that offers a free will to potential clients. The company claims you can make a will in five minutes, answering questions about yourself and your assets. And you can speak with an attorney if you have questions during the process. You don't need to use their life insurance to get your free will.
Fabric also announced several new product features, including $1.5M lifetime coverage no medical exam term life insurance, 25 and 30 year options for term lengths, and increased eligibility up to age 60 without an exam.Fabric emphasizes protecting not just your financial assets, but also your children. You can appoint a beneficiary and guardian right away in the will-making process. This ensures that your children are taken care of.
3. Rocket Lawyer
Rocket Lawyer is an online legal behemoth. You can have any number of legal interactions drawn up, including a will. They offer a free seven-day trial, during which you can make a free will. Rocket Lawyer offers a $39.99 monthly membership after the free trial. This is cheap if you are someone who has a lot of legal document needs, but expensive if you're after only one document.
Protect Your Portfolio
While it's painful to think about, a will can protect your investment portfolio after you pass away. Always make sure to keep your will updated and review it regularly, especially after a significant event like a divorce or the birth of a child.
Creating a will — whether online or by a lawyer — is a smart idea for you and your family. A will can keep your money with your loved ones. And it ensures your assets go exactly where you want.
While this is all great advice I wouldn’t want anyone to think that having all the right documents in place makes the process quick and easy for your heirs. It does make it much simpler but it is still a boat load of work. My mom and dad died a few years ago, first her then him. So when he died the entire estate was split between my brother and me. We had funeral arrangements, sending copies of death certificates to life insurance companies, closing down his living quarters at a nursing home, filing his income taxes, sending back his last month’s Social Security check (that’s right, the lovely people at the SS claw back the whole amount even if you live 30 out of 31 days!), cleaning out his storage unit, paying residual medical bills that come in every month for the next year, canceling any subscriptions, transferring vehicle title, getting an estate lawyer to navigate and dissolve the trust structure, splitting jewelry and guns up, donating his clothes and possessions, writing notes to his friends, pulling money out of his savings accounts, transferring money from his investment accounts, disposing of his medications, transferring his mineral rights, finding and reclaiming lost money in his name held by the state. And those are the things I remember six years later. There were many more. But you’re right, the ones you covered are the big ones. All told it took a full calendar year. Since my dad was a millionaire our time was well compensated, but even if he had been broke most of the same things would have had to be done. We did avoid probate fortunately because most of his assets transferred automatically via contingent beneficiary designations.