Peer to Peer Real Estate Investing Brokers Comparison
I got my start in early 2013 with RealtyMogul. Before long, I was researching and investing on several real estate investment platforms. I have evaluated more than 50 platforms (there are close to 200 real estate crowdfunding sites today) but ended up using about only a dozen.
I thought it would be beneficial to prospective investors if I compared the various platforms. In the real estate industry, a broker will prepare a comparative market analysis (CMA), or “comps,” to give a homeowner an idea of how much their home is worth. For this comparison, I wanted to help prospective investors determine which real estate crowdfunding site was “worth” investing in. Not all of these platforms are equal, and not all of the investments on these sites are the same.
Here are the five crowdfunding sites in this comparison and the basic results:
|Feature||Fundrise||Lending Home||Patch of Land||Realty Mogul||Crowdstreet|
|Ease of Use||2||1||5||3||4|
Let's get started with the comparison.
Website Features, Menus, and Options
How detailed is the website? And how easy is it to use? This might not sound like a big deal, but the more information a site provides, the more comfortable I feel about the company. The clear leader here is Fundrise. They provide a LOT of information, and each page helps investors drill deeper into their holdings. However, Fundrise has completely transitioned away from individual investments and has gone strictly with eREIT offerings.
Patch of Land (PoL) has the smoothest process for signing up, transferring money and executing paperwork. PoL deals only with debt investments and has done a wonderful job streamlining their site so investors can get into investments quickly. The other sites take a little longer and have more paperwork to fill out.
Customer Service and Communication
The key here is how the companies provide updates on your investments. Most of them do a great job of providing timely information, but I have to give the edge to RealtyMogul, which I have worked with the longest and believe have done the best job to date. They have very good leadership, which should help them evolve in this category as they continue to grow. However, RealtyMogul is leading with its REIT product over individual investments.
Each one of these real estate investment sites has had public money backing it, which I think is important to the potential longevity of the business. Although I do not know the private funding that may have been floated to these organizations, the public announcements on sites like Crowdfund Insider and Lend Academy provide valuable insights on who is backing whom in this marketplace. From my research, it looks like RealtyMogul has received the most financial backing from the public realm (last year it was LendingHome in the lead). Since this is a very competitive landscape, it’s important to see where the so-called “smart money” is going and whom they are backing.
Fees for Investors
These sites need to make money, so fees, expenses, etc., should be expected. Some of them charge the investor, some charge the borrowers, and some do a combination of both. In my opinion, this category needs to be broken down into three separate categories:
Patch of Land provides the best value for investors on debt opportunities, since all of their investments are pre-vetted and curated, and there are no fees for the investor. The interest rates that are published at the outset are usually the rates you end up receiving.
RealtyMogul has lower fees — roughly 0.5% — while Fundrise charges 0.85% annually. But the real winner here is Crowdstreet, as it charges no fees at all (all fees are paid by the sponsors).
Diversification or Types of Real Estate Opportunities
This category is broken down into three subdivisions:
- Debt vs. Equity
- Property Types
There are two main options for investors when they participate in a deal: debt or equity. An investor can invest in California, Florida, Maine and everywhere in between. I think investors need to diversify — not only by REI platform site but also by location — to achieve a well-rounded portfolio.
There is also a plethora of property types to invest in across this great country of ours, including retail, commercial, multi-family, hotel, self-storage, industrial and mobile homes.
The best crowdfunding companies also offer direct-deals and REITs to give investors the opportunity to diversify. Thankfully, RealtyMogul, CrowdStreet, and Fundrise all offer REITs. Fundrise has the lowest investing minimum so it's excellent for investing in real estate with little money. But all three companies have a range of investing opportunities.
Due Diligence and Vetting Process
Investors tend to hope that the companies have done their homework and that the information provided is enough to make an educated decision. Not all investments go as planned, but as long as the investor is informed of the potential risks, this will go a long way to building trust. Most of the sites I use provide a bevy of information on each investment opportunity. Many of them allow potential investors to ask questions regarding the investment prior to committing any funds.
Based on these criteria, Fundrise gets a slight nod over its competitors. The platform's due diligence team approves only roughly 5% of the deals that come across their desks.
Average Investment Returns
Investors need to know how much interest and principal is required and how long their money will be tied up. Many of these sites have a minimum of $5,000 to participate. The interest rate or internal rate of return is a major factor in determining where an investor will get the most “bang for his buck.” Although receiving a higher return is important, higher returns come with more risk, so investors need to factor that in when contemplating each investment offering.
Out of all my investment platforms, I have made the highest percentage returns on Fundrise. However, as I alluded to earlier in this piece, Fundrise does NOT have any individual investments anymore. The eREIT may be the right choice for novice real estate investors since they have a very good track record and offer investment opportunities for accredited and non-accredited investors.
Inventory or Opportunities to Invest
I usually scan each of the sites daily to see when new opportunities are available. Some of them have a predictable schedule, while others follow a random schedule.
With both a large selection of individual properties for accredited investors to choose, as well as two REITs that are open to investment from anyone, RealtyMogul has an offering for every investor. The platform allows users to invest in a diverse assortment of multifamily and single-family residential properties, as well as commercial properties too.
Crowdstreet should also be mentioned here, as they offer access to deals that investors would otherwise have no knowledge of or ability to invest in. And its new commercial REIT adds more opportunities for investors.
Performance — Estimated vs. Actual Returns
Each site provides the investor estimated returns on their money, with some variances depending on whether the deal is a debt or equity transaction. Some of the investments achieve higher returns than estimated, and some perform worse. From what I've seen, Fundrise has been the closest, with the most accurate predictions.
This review is a snapshot in time, and each investor may have a different experience with each of these platforms. I suspect the industry will continue to evolve as it matures, and there will be plenty more real estate investing sites for investors to review. All in all, my experience has been positive, and I will continue to invest in this platform.
(Editor’s Note: This guest article was written by Jack Reidy. Jack is a 20-year veteran of working for a technology value-added reseller (VAR), a part-time real estate broker, and an avid alternative lender in the P2P marketplace. He lives in the suburbs of Chicago with his wife and two teenage daughters and can be followed on Twitter at @jackreidy83.)This is a testimonial in partnership with Fundrise. We earn a commission from partner links on Investor Junkie. All opinions are our own.
This article is not providing any information about the tax implications. For eg. if the investment is made outside my state of residency, do i have to pay state taxes where the investment property is located?
SK – If it’s a Debt deal (interest only) you will get a 1099. As interest is unearned income, you claim that on your income tax for your state of residence. Equity deals come with K1’s which may involve other state income taxes.
Unfortunately, once again, this review is pretty much of only “accredited investors”. Honestly, why would anyone with that kind of money want to invest in the internet. Please review options for people who are not accredited investors.
Emily, I’m not a real estate expert but I’ll try to answer your question of why would an accredit investor want to invest in the internet. There are many reasons you’ll see when you Google but in my opinion, the real answer to this question is that investing in “crowdfunding” in the internet is a way for accredited investors to diversify and mitigate the risks associated in direct real estate. Remember that accredited investors are defined as having $200K annual income or $1M net worth excluding their primary home. Compare that to institutional investors who have billions of dollars to spend in hundreds of real estate properties. Most RE investors invest about 10 to 15% of their portfolio in real-estate. So for example, an accredited investor wants to invest $100K (10% of $1M) into real estate, there isn’t really any way for him/her to allocate this to even a single property nowadays. Here’s where crowdfunding comes in. He/she can allocate $5K each into 20 different properties in different regions and different asset types. This lessens the impact of a single property investment going “bad” and losing all of his/her $100K investment.
Are all of these limited to ‘Accredited Investors’ as defined by the IRS ($200K min annual income / min $1MIL net worth)? What about PeerStreet in your comparison?
This article does not compare them.